Join hands to reduce “white” pollution

Join hands to reduce “white” pollution

In Ho Chi Minh City, the European Union, through the Southeast Asia-Europe Network, worked with Ho Chi Minh City authorities to discuss solutions to collect and recycle waste plastic in the city.

Using plastic packaging will cause environmental pollution.

Bury 90% of waste

Analyzing the current situation of plastic waste in Ho Chi Minh City, Ms. Nguyen Thi Que Lam, Deputy Head of Environmental Quality Control Department, HCMC Urban Environment Company Limited, said that the city receives a lot on average every day. Many types of waste in large quantities.

Specifically, domestic waste is 9,000 tons, hazardous waste 300 – 500 tons, medical waste 22 tons, industrial waste 1,500 – 2,000 tons, construction waste 1,500 – 1,700 tons.

Except for medical hazardous waste, the remaining waste is mixed together and must be disposed of by landfill. The reason is that some production and business establishments secretly dump waste into the environment instead of transferring it to collection units.

As for household waste, it is not classified by people or households before transferring. General waste cannot be recycled, so it is required that the collection and disposal units have to bury it, causing harm to the environment.

The authorities, due to the fact that the garbage collection activities have not been adjusted in accordance with the classified waste, especially the collection of plastic waste has not been adjusted, so the collection of all waste also causes people to refuse. refuse to conduct sorting activities at source.

A negligible amount of recyclable waste is sold to households in bottles, collected by bottle stores and transferred to small recycling facilities scattered in residential areas.

The advantage of these facilities is the flexibility to transfer technology, scale and products, but conversely, these facilities are not invested in sync, especially in the treatment of waste generated during the production process. recycling should cause serious pollution to the environment.

Bui Trong Hieu, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Ho Chi Minh City Urban Environment One Member Company Limited, said, according to statistics from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam ranked 4th in the world for use and amount of plastic waste discharged into the environment.

In Ho Chi Minh City alone, out of a total of 9,000 tons of daily-life waste generated into the environment, there are 1,800 tons of plastic waste. However, only 20% of the total plastic waste is collected and recycled but with rudimentary and outdated technology.

The remaining plastic waste is buried with other waste. Currently, the city and the whole country do not have any enterprises to recycle plastic waste invested in a large industrial scale, meeting the requirements of recycling plastic waste.

Early complete the garbage collection infrastructure

The dangers of plastic waste do not stop clogging sewers, canals and reducing ecosystems, but also cause harm to human health. The study showed that micro-plastic contamination in groundwater, surface water and drinking water, food, food chains, health care product chains … was very serious. And according to these chains, micronutrients will enter the human body, causing many incurable diseases.

Facing this fact, increasing the ability to recycle waste in general is the most urgent and effective measure to minimize the risk of negative impacts on public health. And to do this, in the immediate future, it is necessary to improve the classification and collection of waste according to the classification.

From the perspective of an expert, Professor Stephan Salhofer – University of Austria’s Natural Resources and Environment University, said that the Government of Vietnam needs to accelerate the development of the circulating economy, including the re-factor plastic processing. To do so, there must be specific supportive policies for businesses investing in the field of waste recycling.

However, it must be seen that the city should synchronize sorting and facilities and human resources for waste collection soon. Particularly in Ho Chi Minh City, it is necessary to consolidate the waste collection work between the public and the public waste collection force and the public to create a foundation to accelerate the investment in collection and transportation equipment currently. Great.

More importantly, speeding up the propagation and waste collection by classification throughout the city to facilitate the increase in the proportion of “white” waste being recycled.

TD (according to SGGP)